Monday, October 20, 2014

You're Going To Be An Aeronaut

published on: 2/28/2003

Contributing Teacher(s): Schyrlet Cameron

Subject Area: Math/Integrated

Grade Range: Upper Elementary (4-5)

Materials Needed: See below for materials listed.

Process Standards:

  • Goal 2.1 plan and make written, oral and visual presentations for a variety of purposes and audiences
  • Goal 4.6 identify tasks that require a coordinated effort and work with others to complete those tasks

Content Standards:

  • Communication Arts 1. Speaking and writing standard English (including grammar, usage, punctuation, spelling, ...)
  • Fine Arts 1. Process and techniques for the production, exhibition or performance of one or more of the visual ...
  • Mathematics 2. Geometric and spatial sense involving measurement (including length, area, volume), trigonometry, ...

    Time Allowance: NA

    Description: Students third through sixth grade have the opportunity to investigate the history and science principles of lighter-than-air flight.

    Comments: At the end of this lesson you will find an original song composed by the music teacher Annette Genung of West Elementary.


    Classroom Component: Young Astronaut Club

    The third through sixth grade students at West Elementary School are members of the Young Astronaut Club. Students explore a different topic each of the four years they are involved in the club:  lighter-than-air flight, general aviation, rocketry, and astronomy. This year students worked collaboratively in multi-age teams investigating the fascinating world of hot-air balloons as they participated in the program, "You''re Going to Be an Aeronaut!" Activity Descriptions

    Students were encouraged to actively participate in a variety of learning experiences throughout all phases of the program. Teams of students investigated the history of lighter-than-air flight. The research was displayed in the hall attached to student-constructed paper-mache models of hot-air balloons. Students participated in "hands-on" activities involving porosity, density, and movement of air molecules allowing them to discover key principles of lighter than-air flight. As new terms were introduced, a vocabulary list was developed. Students reviewed the terms by developing file folder games. Enthusiasm built as balloonist Paul Lynch presented a workshop explaining the hot-air balloon system. Students had an opportunity to demonstrate their expertise and knowledge of lighter-than-air flight by designing and constructing hot-air balloons from tissue paper. Launch day provided an excellent culmination of activities with the community and media both sharing this memorable and positive learning experience with the students. Dear Parents,

    The third through sixth grade students will be investigating the wonderful world of lighter-than-air flight. They will be participating in a variety of exciting learning activities as we complete this unit. You are invited to join us in this unique learning experience. Please complete the form below and return to school. Thank you, ------------------------------------------------------------- Please complete this form by checking the activities and materials you will assist students with and return to school by ________. Your help with this unit is greatly appreciated. Activities ______  construct paper-mache model hot-air balloons ______  create file folder games ______  construct tissue paper hot-air balloons ______  launch hot-air balloons Materials ______  package of colored tissue paper in 20"x30" squares ______  glue sticks               ______  newspapers ______  kite string               ______  white school glue ______  postcards               ______  12" round balloons

    _______________________________               Parent''s Signature                date                          Lighter-Than-Air Flight Research Activity: Research a topic relating to the history of hot-air balloons. Construct paper-mache model of a hot-air balloon to display research. Materials:

    • Reference materials
    • Research forms
    • Glue (one part water to one part white school glue)
    • Newspaper
    • Kite string
    • Tissue paper
    • Hole punch
    • Hot glue gun
    • Fishing line
    • Spray paint
    Procedure:

    Work cooperatively with your team completing Activity #1 and #2. Activity #1

  • Select one of the following topics to research.
  • Research the topic, take notes, site resources.
  • Write a rough draft of report. Proof read and correct mistakes.
  • Write good copy on the report form. Remember to include a bibliography.
  • Research Topics
    Joseph Montglfter Jean-Pierre Blanchard
    Pilatre de Rozier Andre J. Garnerin
    Marquis d'' Arlandes Joseph Louise Gay-Lussac
    Jacques Alexandre Charles             Thaddeus Lowe
    John Jeffries Ann-Jean and Nicolas Robert
    Andre Garnerin Ed Yost
    Fred Zeppelin Blimp
    Dirigible Hindenburg
    Activity #2
  • Cover the work area with newspapers.
  • Inflate the balloon and tie a knot in the end.
  • Tie a 12" length of string to the balloon knot.
  • Hang the balloon by taping the string to a table.
  • Tear newspaper in 1" by 12" strips. Dip the strips into the glue mixture. Place the strips on the balloon vertically. Smooth the strips removing wrinkles and extra glue. Cover the entire balloon in this manner. Overlap each piece of newspaper. Do not leave any gaps.
  • Glue the strips horizontally for the second layer and vertically for the third layer. Allow the balloon to dry over night. Spray paint the dry balloon.
  • After the paint has completely dried, puncture the balloon near the knot. Cut a 3" circle around the knot of the balloon with scissors to form the mouth of the envelope.
  • Use a hole punch to put holes on either side of the mouth of the envelope.
  • Use a hole punch to put a hole in the report form.
  • Tie the report form to the balloon with kite string.
  • Glue a 12 inch length of fishing line to the top of the balloon with a glue gun.
  • Hang balloon from the ceiling with the fishing line for a unique display.
  • Report Form

    Color and cut out the gondola. This will be the cover of the report. cover

    Write the report on the lined gondola. Cut out the report. Staple it to the cover. Tie the report to the paper-mache balloon. inside

    Color and cut out the gondola. This will be the cover of the report. Principles of Lighter-Than-Air Flight

    Teacher Information and Directions

    Organization:  Students work cooperatively with team members investigating the key scientific principles that make lighter-than-air flight possible. They rotate from station to station completing each activity. Activity #1

    Objective:  To demonstrate air takes up space. Materials:

    • Clear plastic cup
    • Paper towels
    • Large see through container
    • Water
    Procedure:
  • Crumple up a paper towel and jam it into the bottom of a clear plastic cup.
  • Hold the glass upside down and, keeping it straight, push it completely under the water.
  • Results:  The paper towel does not get wet. Explanation:  Air is everywhere and takes up space. Air takes up space in the glass and acts as an invisible wall between the water and the paper. Ballooning:  The envelope of a hot-air balloon contains air. Activity #2

    Objective:  To demonstrate hot air rises. Materials:

    • Bottle
    • Balloon
    • Hot plate
    • Pan of water
    • Pot holder
    Procedure:
  • Place the balloon over the mouth of the bottle.
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    For additional information contact :
    Schyrlet Cameron
    Mt. Vernon Middle
    Mt. Vernon R-V
    (417) 466-3137

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