Sunday, August 31, 2014

Citing Your Work

published on: 4/29/2008

Contributing Teacher(s): Deborah Sellmeyer

Subject Area: Library/Media Center/N/A

Grade Range: Upper Elementary (4-5)

Materials Needed:

  • When Marion Copied by Brook Berg.
  • Four different resources for each student.(copy of title page & article of an encyclopedia; title page & verso of a nonfiction book; front cover & article of a magazine; and a print out of a website)
  • Graphic Organizer
  • Bibliographic Forms
  • Index cards with a bibliography example (include mistakes)
  • Lined paper
  • Scoring Guide

Objective:

  • Students will demonstrate their ability to write a bibliography for four different resources.
  • Essential Question:

  • Why is it important to document where you find information?
  • Instructional Strategy: Evaluating Student Understanding

    Process Standards:

    • Goal 1.8 organize data, information and ideas into useful forms (including charts, graphs, outlines)

    Content Standards:

    • Communication Arts 4. Writing formally (such as reports, narratives, essays) and informally (such as outlines, notes)

      G.L.E.:

      Time Allowance: 4 lessons in all. 2/15 minute lessons, 2/30-45 minute lessons, and 1/15 minute activity.

      Technological Resources:
      Internet web sites LCD projector connected to a computer in order to project each page of the packet or an overhead projector and transparencies of each page of the packet.

      Extensions:
      Students select a topic and find four different resources for their topic. They then write a bibliography for each of the four resources they found.

      Integration:
      For students needing modification, highlight the information on the copied examples of an encyclopedia, a nonfiction book, a magazine, and a web site. This will make it easier for them to find the information and be able to transfer the information to their graphic organizer. When they write their bibliographies, have the bibliography pattern already set up leaving blanks for them to fill in from their graphic organizer.

      Differentiation:
      Students receive individual help filling in the graphic organizer and writing their bibliographies. Students are allowed more time to complete their packet.

      Assessment:
      See page 4 for Scoring guide and other handouts

      Description: Students will learn to write a bibliography for an encyclopedia, a nonfiction book, a magazine, and a website.


      Classroom Component:

      Lesson 1: Introduction (15 min.)

      Opening: What does it mean to plagiarize?

      Instruction: Read When Marion Copied by Brook Berg. Discuss what it means to plagiarize, why it is wrong, and how to avoid it.

      Lesson 2: Graphic Organizer (30 - 45 min.)

      Opening: Today's activity involves finding the information you will need to cite your work. This is also called a bibliography. A bibliography is a list of resources you used to write your paper. The bibliography is placed at the end of your written work.

      Instruction: Handout a packet to each student. Each packet includes a scoring guide, graphic organizer, example of bibliographic forms, lined paper for writing their bibliographies, lined paper for alphabetizing their bibliographies, and copied information from an encyclopedia, a nonfiction book, a magazine, and a website. I created 24 different packets so that each student had a different example of an encyclopedia, book, magazine and website. Explain and model how to fill in the graphic organizer. Emphasize to students that the information in the graphic organizer needs to be written in the same format as the "FIND” column. Students need to include quotation marks around “Title of Article”, underline the Title of Book, brackets around , etc. Having students follow the form will make it easier for them to write their bibliographies. Grade their graphic organizers and hand back to students for corrections. Record the points they earned on their scoring guide.

      Lesson 3: Citing Your Work (30 – 45 min.)

      Opening: Today you will learn to write bibliographies using the information in your graphic organizer.

      Instruction: Explain to students how bibliographies use set patterns. Using the handout “Bibliographic Forms”, point out to students the difference in patterns for the four different resources. Emphasize that they need to follow the pattern exactly.

      A Cooperative Activity: After introducing how to write a bibliography, have students pair up. Give each pair a red pen or pencil and an index card with an example of a bibliography that has some mistakes. Using the “Bibliographic Forms” handout, students will make corrections on the index card with the red pen or pencil. Depending on how much time you have to spend on this activity, students could be given several examples of bibliographies to correct.

      When you feel students are comfortable working with bibliographies, have students write their own bibliographies using the information in their graphic organizer. Grade their bibliographies and hand back to students for corrections. Record the points they earned on their scoring guide.

      Lesson 4: Alphabetizing Bibliographies (15 min.)

      Opening: The last step in creating a bibliography is to alphabetize your list.

      Instruction: Explain to students that the resources listed in a bibliography are put in alphabetical order by the first letter of each entry. Have students rewrite their corrected bibliographies in alphabetical order. Grade their work and record the points they earned on their scoring guide.

      Extensions: Students select a topic and find four different resources for that topic. They then write a bibliography for each of the four resources they found.

      Accommodations: Students receive individual help filling in their graphic organizer and writing their bibliographies. Students are allowed more time to complete their packet.

      Remediation: For students needing modification, highlight the information on the copied examples of an encyclopedia, a nonfiction book, a magazine, and a web site. This will make it easier for them to find the information and be able to transfer the information to their graphic organizer. When they write their bibliographies, have the bibliography pattern already set up leaving blanks for them to fill in from their graphic organizer.

      SUPPLEMENTAL RESOURCES

      Berg, Brook. When Marion Copied. Fort Atkinson: Upstart Books, 2006.


      Name _________________________________________ Teacher _________________

      BIBLIOGRAPHIC FORMS

      Encyclopedia:

      • Author. “Title of Article.” Name of Encyclopedia, Year.
      • Davis, Joseph A. “Fox.” The World Book Encyclopedia, 2005.

      Book:

      • Author. Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, Copyright date.
      • Greenberg, Jan and Sandra Jordan. Action Jackson. Brookfield: Roaring Book Press, 2002.
      • Landau, Elaine. Earth Day: Keeping Our Planet Clean. Berkeley Heights: Enslow Publishers, Inc., 2002.

      Magazine:

      • Author. “Title of Article.” Name of Magazine. Issue date, Volume #, Issue #: page #.
      • Bishop, Gerry. “Ringtail Roundup.” Ranger Rick. November 2007, Vol. 41, Iss. 11: 18-23.

      Web site:

      • Author. “Title of Article.” Name of Institution sponsoring the web site. Date of access.
      • Wilson, Jim. “Moon, Mars and Beyond.”National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 27 November, 2007.

      Name _______________________________________ Teacher __________________

      BIBLIOGRAPHY

       
       

       
       


       
       


       
       


      Name _______________________________________ Teacher __________________

      CITING YOUR WORK

      Encyclopedia:

       
       

      Book:

       
       

      Magazine:

       
       

      Web site:

       
       

       

       


      Name _________________________________________ Teacher ________________

      Citing My Work

      You have been invited to participate in the Regional Science Fair. You will need to decide on a topic for your project and find four resources to use. The resources you choose will need to include at least three of the following: an encyclopedia, book, magazine, and/or a web site. Write a bibliography for each resource you selected on the lines below. Remember to alphabetize your list.

      Topic: ____________________________________

      For additional information contact :
      Deborah Sellmeyer
      Dardenne Elem.
      Ft. Zumwalt R-II
      (636) 978-4001
      EMAIL:
      dsellmeyer@fz.k12.mo.us

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