Friday, May 22, 2015

Poeta del Día ( Poet of the Day)

published on: 6/7/2005

Contributing Teacher(s): Barbara Davis

Subject Area: Foreign Language/N/A

Grade Range: High School (9-12)

Materials Needed:

  • Access to the poems listed on the chart. 
  • You can provide students a copy of the poem or they can search it themselves on the web.  (Be aware that many of these poems have been translated on line in English so it may be best you give them the poem after student has presented the introductory information.)

Objective: To identify metaphors, similes, and symbolism in Spanish poetry. To read Hispanic and Iberian poems in original language and interpret them in English. Students also learn about the greatest Spanish/Hispanic poets, their lives and greatest works. Student presents their poet/poem to class and following presentation, classmates analyze the poem, identifying components. One student per day, can be taught in conjunction with Realidades 3 chapter 4 unit on love and poetry or independently for level 3,4 or AP classes.

Instructional Strategy: Prior Knowledge & Connections

Content Standards:

  • Communication Arts 2. Reading and evaluating fiction, poetry and drama


    Time Allowance: 10 minutes at begining of each class, 1 per student

    Description: Students will connect what they have learned in English class to poetry in Spanish through becoming familiar with a wide variety of poets. Students examine, interpret and analyze short poems daily to begin class.

    Classroom Component:

    I have enclosed most of what you need to give the students in my project outline. This project works best with a unit on Poetry ( Like Realidades 3, Ch 4) or in an advanced level course where you are interested in exposing students to a wide range of poets/poems in Spanish while honing in on skills they have already acquired and are using in their English classes. You can assign one or two students per day to your classes and have the mini presentations running throughout your unit. Each day class begins with students presenting BASIC INFORMATION about the poet in Spanish. All students have a copy of the study guide they complete as the presenter explains their poet. Copies of the poem are then distributed and presenter gives a general synopsis of the poem. Together as a class or in small groups students then work to identify the metaphors, similes and symbolism of the poem. In larger classes you may wish to pair students up to one poem/poet and have less presentation days. My list of poets is extensive, you can pick and choose among them. For those interested the book "Twentieth Century Latin American Poetry: A bilingual Anthology" by Stephen Tapscott was very useful and not too expensive. It contains lots of good info on a wide variety of Latin American poets as well as their greatest works in both Spanish and English. Available at Borders or Amazon.

    You can also incorporate technology into this lesson easily by scheduling students a lab day for "presearch" on their poet and poem. (This is also a good idea because you can see they are reading their works in Spanish, not cheating by using the English versions)

    I am just now getting ready to launch this with my Spanish III college credit classes and will likely pair students for the first run through. Upon completion of all presentations, students submit their packets back to you as part of their final grade with their notes on each poet and poem. Its a great way to get their feet wet in Spanish language poetry. None of the poems selected are too long and are sure to contain at least one metaphor or simile so no one should feel too intimidated.

    This project is awesome because it incorporates everything. Reading online information in Spanish about poet, speaking Spanish in front of a group in a guided situation, reading great works in Spanish, analyzing and drawing conclusions and reinforcing prior knowledge/skills from English classes.

    Español III Poeta del día Nombre:

    Durante este capitulo vamos a aprender sobre la poesia. Antes que empezamos es importante saber unas palabras de vocabulário. Busca estas palabras en tu diccionário y luego escribe una definición al lado.

    Palabra Traducción Que significa? /O un ejemplo


    El ritmo

    El rima

    La estrofa

    Poesía del día:
    Cada día en clase vamos a explorar un poeta hispano. Puede ser de España o de otros paises latinoamericanos. Vas a ser responsable por (1) poeta, su historia, y un pequeño poema. Tienes que saber:

    Cuando nasció: Cuando murió (falleció):
    Donde vivía: Donde/Que estudiaba:
    Porque era famoso:

    También tiene que saber de su poesía:
    El nombre del poema y que significa:
    De que habla (sinopsís):

    Métaforas: Similes:

    Mi poeta es:_________________________
    Mi poema: __________________________
    Voy a presentar:______________________

    Ahora, cada día empezamos la clase con una pequeña presentación. Mientras escuchas la presentación, toma apuntes en la hoja de papel.

    Poeta Poema Estudiante
    Pablo Neruda Poema #15
    Abelardo Delgado
    Homenaje a Padres Chicanos
    Gustavo Adolfo Béquer Rimas
    Roque Dalton Como tú
    Elizabeth Torres
    El amor en preguntas
    Federico Garcia Lorca La Cogida y la muerte*
    José Marti Contra el verso retórico
    Ruben Dário
    Tarde Tropical
    Ruben Dário Tríptico de Nicaragua: Los Bufones
    Enrique Gonzalez Martinez La ventana
    Leopoldo Lugones Olas grises
    Alfonsina Storni
    Yo en el fondo del mar
    Vicente Huidobro Arte poética
    Jorge Luis Borges Casas como angeles
    Carlos Pellicer A la poesía
    Pablo Neruda Oda a los calcetines*
    Octavio Paz Pueblo
    Alfonso Reyes
    La amenaza de la flor
    Gabriela Mistral La casa
    Julio Herrera y Reissig Alba Gris
    José Santos Chocano Salmo Pluvial
    Lope de Vega Varios efectos del amor
    Franciso de Quevedo y Villegas A Una Nariz
    León Felipe Como tú


    Cada día, vamos a empezar la clase con un poema pequeño del un poeta famoso. Tú eres responsable por un poema y un poco de historia del escritor. Mientras escuchas las presentaciones de los otros estudiantes, vas a tomar apuntes.

    Por cada poeta es necesario sa

    For additional information contact :
    Barbara Davis
    Career Academy
    St. Louis City
    (314) 772-8200

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