Saturday, April 19, 2014

Boats Along the River

published on: 2/11/2005

Contributing Teacher(s): Margie Pryor, Anne Sewell

Subject Area: Social Studies/Geography

Grade Range: Lower Elementary (K-3)

Materials Needed:

  • Boat photos CD-ROM
  • boat models
  • boat pictures
  • map(s) of river systems
  • plastic tubs (at least 7" wide at the top)
  • water
  • paper towels
  • unifix cubes or other plastic cubes
  • string
  • wide tape
  • laminated boat templates
  • Ships by Chris Oxlade
  • "Paddle-to-the-Sea" by Holling Clancy Holling, Minn of the Mississippi by Holling Clancy Holling

    Process Standards:

    • Goal 1.1 develop questions and ideas to initiate and refine research
    • Goal 1.2 conduct research to answer questions and evaluate information and ideas
    • Goal 1.8 organize data, information and ideas into useful forms (including charts, graphs, outlines)

    Content Standards:

    • Science 2. Properties and principles of force and motion
    • Science 7. Processes of scientific inquiry (such as formulating and testing hypotheses)
    • Social Studies 4. Economic concepts (including productivity and the market system) and principles (including the ...

      Time Allowance: Five 20-30 minute lessons

      Description: Students learn about and identify types of boats in a series of lessons--extending the lesson ideas included

      Comments: In cooperation with Missouri Geographic Alliance Teacher Consultants.


      Classroom Component: Opening the Unit:

    • Introduce lesson by showing and discussing models of boats.
    • Read excerpts from Paddle to the Sea and/or Minn of the Mississippi, both by Holling Clancy Holling.
    • Show and discuss pictures from CD-ROM about boats. Use script and discussion questions (adapt to your level as needed).
    • Developing the Unit:
    • Make boat books with two pages for each type of boat (canoe, steam powered paddleboats, clippers, barges, lakers, ocean freighter). One page will include a photo of the boat, the name of the boat, and a space for students to draw their own boat. The next page would have a silhouette (or side view) of the boat and a description of the boat. Divide the book into two parts. Part one being boats of long ago and part two being boats of today. Options for books: Plain 8-1/2 by 11 pages, boat shaped book, accordion book.
    • Make flash cards of silhouettes, photos, and boat names, Mix cards and pass one card to each student. Have students go around the room until they find other students that have cards that match. Have the groups tell about their cards.
    • Discuss the use of ships to carry different kinds of cargo and what kind of ship might be better for carrying heavy loads and which shape might go faster.
    • Have students work in groups of three. Use laminated templates to make boats. Cut and tape together. Predict which kind of boat will hold the most cubes (mark on the prediction/results sheet). Fill tub(s) with water. Place the three different boats into the tub. Slowly add cubes to the boats to see which boat will hold the most cubes (cargo). Fill until the boat sinks. Count the cubes that each boat held. Record results.
    • Using the same boats, attach a weight to the front of each boat. Predict which boat shape will be the fastest. Use one cube tied to a string for each boat. Fasten the other end of the string to the inside of the boat with tape. Position boats at one end of the tub with the cube hanging over the opposite end of the tub. Release all three boats at once. Observe how the shape of the boat influences the speed of the boat. Repeat. Record results.
    • Assessing Student Learning:
      • Match pictures of boats with names of boats (worksheet quiz)
      • Participation in class discussions
      • Completion of project(s)
      • Graph results of boat projects
      Extending the Lesson: Math
      • Students develop charts, graphs, or tables comparing the different types of ships (the size, carrying capacity, waterways each may navigate).
      • Students determine if a ship could travel in certain waterways. (Teacher information: 27,000 tons draft 8.1 meters of water; 60,000 tons draft 11.3 meters of water; 150,000 tons draft 15.5 meters of water.)
      • Determine how much money a cargo is worth.
      • Determine the amount of time it would take to cross a body of water using different ship speeds.
      Communication Arts
      • Using the books Paddle to the Sea, Minn of the Mississippi, and Sea Bird, compare and contrast the adventures of the main characters. Students may write a creative story about their own adventure on a local body of water.
      • Using the book The True Confessions of Charlotte Doyle, students journal or write a story of an adventure as if they were with Charlotte Doyle.
      • Write poetry and ballads related to the sea.
      Science
      • Study the effects of temperature on water. How would the temperature effect boat transportation?
      • Compare salt water to fresh water.
      • Study animals and plants living in salt water and fresh water. Study the similarities and the differences.
      • Discuss the food pyramid and the difficulty of maintaining a healthy diet aboard a ship.
      Social Studies
      • Using map scale, determine the best route for a ship to take from port to port.
      • Compare the size of rivers.
      • Compare population and cultures along various rivers and seaways.
      Music
      • Learn rowing songs and ballads.
      • Play instruments that sailors would have used.
      Art
      • Paint seascapes using various mediums.
      • Make models of waterways, towns, and landscape.
      • Make jewelry from sea items.
      • Make sea animals from rocks, etc.
      • Make a sand painting.
      • Macramé
      Physical Education
      • Games, rope climbing, climbing a net.
      Extending the Lesson:
    • Change "cargo" or shape of ships by making them deeper.
    • Make a large map of the river area (St. Lawrence and/or Mississippi/Missouri) on a paper or sheet that will fill a bulletin board area. Mark off where different types of boats would be used. There will be some overlap. Have the students attach (pin or tape) small silhouettes of the different types of boats in the areas where they would be used.
    • Visit local river areas to observe boats.
    • Visit local museums that include exhibits on boats.
    • Make a collage of ships and boats.
    • Make a collage of the types of cargo that ships carry.
    • Make a time line to show when different types of boats were developed and what cargo they carried.
    • Draw chalk outlines of boats on the side of school building or on the playgrounds. Use actual measurements of boats.
    • Create a flip book showing how different cultures traveled down the river.
    • Create an ABC book of the river.
    • Design an advertisement for a boat or make a travel poster to advertise cities along the river.
    • Cut out a large red maple leaf and put on pictures to show Canadian natural resources and products.
    • Create a poem about the river.
    • Resources: Children''s Books
      • Paddle to the Sea by Holling Clancy Holling. Trumpet Club, 1941 and 1969. ISBN 0-440-84275-1
      • Investigations SHIPS by Chris Oxlade. Anness Publishing Limited, 1999. ISBN 1-85967-913-7
      • Minn of the Mississippi by Holling Clancy Holling. Houghton Mifflin, 1951. ISBN 0-395-27399-4
      • The Boats on the River by Marjorie Flack. Viking Penguin, 1946, 1974. ISBN 0-670-83918-3
      • The Little Red Lighthouse and the Great Grey Bridge by Hildegarde H. Swift and Lynd Ward. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1942, Scholastic, 1970. ISBN 0-590-31921-3
      Other Resources:
      • Canada, Our Global Village, by Carolyn Hughes. Milliken Publishing Co. 1994.
      • Port of Quebec, marketing brochure, 1998, http://www.portquebec.ca (418) 648-4956 and Dr. Hughes Morrissette, General Director.
      • Tommy Trent''s ABCs of the Seaway, The St. Lawrence Seaway Authority, Norm Tufford, 1988. ISBN 0-921890-00-1. St. Lawrence Seaway Authority (613) 598-4614.
      • Forces Magazine, Le Saint-Laurent (The Saint Lawrence), Number 122, 1999.
      • Cobblestone Magazine, North American Beaver Trade, June 1982.
      • Cobblestone Magazine, Mississippi Rover - Father of Waters, March 1990.
      • Mississippi River Activity Guide, by Pat Middleton, Heritage Press, 1993.
      • Fur Trade, by Ellen B. Green, Minnesota Historical Society, Roots Magazine, Vol. 10, No. 1, Fall 1981.
      • Great Lakes Fur Trade Coloring Book, by Jean Pierre Belanger, illustrated by Chet Kozak, Minnesota Historical Society, 1981.
      • Introducing Canada, ed.

        For additional information contact :
        Margie Pryor
        Foreign Language Academy
        Kansas City 33
        (816) 418-6000

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