Wednesday, May 27, 2015

Missouri's Geography

published on: 2/28/2003

Contributing Teacher(s): Helen McDaniel

Subject Area: Social Studies/Geography

Grade Range: Upper Elementary (4-5)

Materials Needed: See each of the Performance Activities (4) for a list of materials.

Objective: Students will demonstrate their knowledge of Missouri''s important cities, important rivers, and the geographic regions of Missouri through performance based activities.

Process Standards:

  • Goal 1.4 use technological tools and other resources to locate, select and organize information
  • Goal 1.8 organize data, information and ideas into useful forms (including charts, graphs, outlines)
  • Goal 2.7 use technological tools to exchange information and ideas

Content Standards:

  • Social Studies 5. The major elements of geographical study and analysis (such as location, place, movement,...
  • Social Studies 7. The use of tools of social science inquiry (such as surveys, statistics, maps, documents)

    Time Allowance: varies

    Description: Students demonstrate knowledge of Missouri''s important cities, rivers and regions through performance based activities.

    Classroom Component:
    Implementation:  The following four activities may be used as assessments at the conclusion of a unit teaching about Missouri's geography.

    Performance Activity One:

    Students will draw an outline map of Missouri on a piece of poster board. Next they will draw the boundaries for the four physical regions of Missouri and locate the Mississippi River and the Missouri River. Various materials will be used to fill in these areas and to denote the path of the rivers.

    Materials needed by each student:

      poster board (approximately 12" X 14")
      1-inch cut squares of colored tissue paper or 1-inch torn squares of scraps of construction paper.
      blue tissue paper or blue construction paper (for rivers)
      six 3/4" x 3" strips of paper (for labels)

    1. Using a pencil each student will draw or trace (from an overhead) the shape of Missouri on the 12" X 14" piece of poster board.

    2. Next the student will draw in the four physical regions of Missouri (Northern Plains, Western Plains, Southeast Lowlands and Ozark Highlands) and the Missouri River and the Mississippi River. Each of the rivers should be covered with blue paper. If tissue paper is used, it should be rolled around the top of a pencil and placed on the poster board with a drop of glue. If scrap construction paper is used, it may be glued flat to the poster board.

    3. Then each of the physical regions is covered with a different color of paper.

    4. When finished, labels for each of the four regions and the two rivers should be glued in the correct locations.

    5. A title "Missouri's Regions" should be added at the top of the poster board in large letters with the markers.

    Scoring Guide

      Possible Earned
    Missouri outline drawn accurately 2 _______
    Title on project 1 _______
    4 regions represented accurately 4 _______
    4 regions labeled correctly 4 _______
    Missouri & Mississippi Rivers represented 2 _______
    Missouri & Mississippi Rivers labeled accurately 2 _______
    A = 15   A- = 14   B+ = 13   B = 12   B- = 11
    C+ = 10   C = 9   C- = 8   D+ = 7   D = 6   D- = 5
    F = 5  and below

    Performance Activity Two:

    Students will decorate Missouri-shaped cookies using various candies to represent the important cities of our state. Blue icing will be used to indicate the Missouri River and the Mississippi River.

    Materials Needed:
      1 roll sugar cookie dough
      1 can white icing
      8 different kinds of small candy confections (mini-M&M's, mini-chocolate chips, cinnamon bits, silver balls, stars, etc.)
      small paper plate for each group of four students
      2 plastic knives for each group of four students
      toothpick & napkin for each student

    Equipment Needed:
      Missouri-shaped cookie cutter
      For information regarding where to purchase a Missouri cookie cutter, here is a Web site that carries cookie cutters of the states. These also have toll-free numbers listed on their site.
    • Using the Missouri-shaped cookie cutter to make and bake a cookie for each student. Put students in groups of four.

    • On each paper plate put four pieces of each of the eight different candies.

    • 4 teaspoons of white icing

    • 1 teaspoon of blue icing (use food coloring to make a small amount of blue icing)

    • Pass out a napkin for each child and put one Missouri-shaped cookie on each student's napkin.

    • The teacher instructs the students to use the white icing to spread on the top of their cookie.

    • Next the students need to get some of the blue icing on their toothpick and draw the path of the Missouri River and the Mississippi River.

    • As the teacher calls a city name, the students are instructed to put a specific piece of candy at the place where the city is located. This procedure is continued until all important cities of Missouri have been identified. A suggested list of cities is:  St. Joseph, Kansas City, Springfield, St. Louis, Columbia, Jefferson City, Hannibal, and Ste. Genevieve.

    Scoring Guide

      Possible Earned
    Number of cities correctly located (1 pt. each)
    Mississippi River identified correctly
    Missouri River identified correctly

    Performance Activity Three:

    Students will use a salt-clay dough to form the shape of Missouri and show the important cities of Missouri and the Mississippi River and Missouri River.

    Materials Needed:
      Each student will need to bring a 10" X 12" piece of plywood or heavy cardboard.
      1 cup flour
      1/2 cup salt
      The teacher will provide ten toothpicks for each student and ten 1/2" X 1 1/2" pieces of paper or colored construction paper.
      Five or six blue markers should also be provided for sharing among the students

    • Each student's flour and salt will need to be mixed together with approximately 1/2 cup water.

    • When mixed, each student is to shape their salt-clay dough into the shape of Missouri on their board or cardboard.

    • When finished, the students will need to use their toothpicks to make little flags (glue a piece of paper at the end of a toothpick).

    • Each student will

      For additional information contact :
      Helen McDaniel
      Washington-Franklin Elem.
      Farmington R-VII
      (573) 701-1350

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