Friday, October 24, 2014

Oviparous or Not Oviparous?

published on: 1/30/2005

Contributing Teacher(s): Vicki Braddy

Subject Area: Science/Life

Grade Range: Early Childhood - Kindergarten

Materials Needed:

  • Chickens Aren''t the Only Ones, by Ruth Heller. Find other books or information that cover this topic as well. Books will work that show different animals that hatch from eggs.
  • Pictures of animals that do and do not hatch from eggs.
  • Chart shown in the directions.
  • The materials to make a class chart for modeling the activity.

Objective:

  1. The object of this lesson is for students to be able to identify animals that hatch from eggs.
  2. The students should be able to classify animals that hatch from eggs and those that do not.
  3. The students should become familiar with using a chart to display information.

Process Standards:

  • Goal 1.8 organize data, information and ideas into useful forms (including charts, graphs, outlines)

Content Standards:

  • Science 3. Characteristics and interactions of living organisms

    Time Allowance: 35-50 minutes

    Description: Students will use a chart to show animals that are hatched from eggs and are not hatched from eggs.

    Comments: It takes about 20 -30 minutes to read the book, talk about these animals and do the class chart, depending on the discussion. It takes another 15-20 minutes for the students to complete the chart on their own.


    Classroom Component:

    Teacher Implementation:

    The teacher will need to research animals that hatch from eggs that are familiar to the age students he/she teaches.

    The teacher will need to find pictures of animals that do and do not hatch from eggs. These can be found in various clip art books, science activity packs. Most teachers can find small pictures to use for this project. Consider the age of your student and include pictures of animals that obviously hatch from eggs and also some that animals that obviously do not hatch from eggs. (This gives most students success.) Then include a few that would be new to the students. (This would be the extension.) I have used black and white drawings of the animals instead of color pictures and I use the same black and white drawings for the students.

    The teacher should make a class chart similar to the chart used by the students and enlarge several pictures of animals that are both oviparous and not oviparous.

    Read the book Chickens Aren''t the Only Ones, by Ruth Heller. There are other books as well that cover this topic. Have the book for reading to the students.

    I feel at the kindergarten level it is important to familiarize the students with as many science concepts as possible. I feel exposing them to using charts, graphs, etc. to help them record and draw conclusions from this information is important as well. The more they are exposed and successful with this exposure, the better their science years will be. I also feel that exposure is really more valid at this age than actually mastering the material. Therefore my scoring guide reflects this.


    Teacher Created Lesson:

    The pictures that were gathered should be put together on a sheet so the students can cut them out and use them to glue on a chart that will be included later in this lesson.

    A class chart should be made that looks just like the one the students will receive so that they will be familiar with the format. I then enlarge a few of the pictures so that we can use them for a whole class modeling lesson on using the chart and identifying the oviparous animals. We also count the number of each and model that part of the activity as well.

    After completing the whole class chart activity. The students should receive their set of animal pictures and their copy of the chart. They may color the animal pictures, then cut them out and glue the animals pictures to the appropriate place on the chart.

    They then will fill in the bottom of the chart to tell how many animals were oviparous and how many were not.

    See chart below for the activity: I make both a class chart and individual charts for the students.

    Note: We use the word oviparous at this level because it is fun for the kids to know and say, rather than doing it for memorization of the term itself.


    OVIPAROUS

    YES NO




























    Number of Animals that Are Oviparous

    __________

    Number of Animals that Are Not Oviparous

    __________


    There are many other things you can do with this topic.

    If you do the activity around Easter time, you can have students trace around the shape of an egg and color it their favorite color. (In kindergarten, we are trying to have the students learn 10 different colors, so they must use one of these colors) The students could then graph the eggs to show their favorite color of eggs.

    They could fingerpaint a piece of paper and then trace a large egg shape on that piece of paper and cut it out, making a crack in the middle so that they have two parts. They then would trace another egg shape on a piece of white paper and draw and color an animal that hatches from an egg. The two sheets would then be fastened together with a brass fastener so that when the egg opens or "hatches" the animal can be seen inside. The student "kidwrites" the name of the animal.

    egg with brass fastener

    If students need a more hands on (tactile) experience or you have students with learning difficulties, such as sight impaired, you could gather some small models (plastic or rubber) of the animals. They could be placed inside "eggs" from either Easter or from containers that hold pantyhose.

    I have also used a database on a commercial laser disc to have more pictures accessible for the different types of animals. The students love this technology.

    Network Connection—feedback from other teachers using this lesson: After reading the book "Chickens Aren''t the only Ones", we discussed different animals that lay eggs. They then drew pictures of the animals and wrote one fact about them. I''m a second grade teacher, so I had them do research on their animal. They enjoyed the project.


    Scoring Guide:

    On the scoring guides at kindergarten, I try to make each child successful, even if actually helped by the teacher or aide. This is the scoring guide I use for this type of activity.

    The student correctly identified all oviparous and non-oviparous animals. The student correctly identified all oviparous and non-oviparous animals with some guidance. The student needed help identifying the oviparous and non oviparous animals on the chart.
    The student correctly counted the number of oviparous and non-oviparous animals. The student correctly counted the number of oviparous and non-oviparous animals with some guidance. The student needed help counting the oviparous and non-oviparous animals on the chart.

    For additional information contact :
    Vicki Braddy
    Southern Boone K-2 Elem.
    Southern Boone Co. R-I
    (573) 657-2148
    EMAIL:
    vbraddy@socket.net

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